10 - Create a VM with PowerShell

In this walk-through, we will install Azure PowerShell module, use it to create a resource group and virtual machine, configure and use the Cloud Shell, and review Azure Advisor recommendations.

Task 1: Configure PowerShell locally

In this task, we will configure Azure PowerShell to run from your local machine.

  1. On your local machine, select the Start icon from the task bar. Type PowerShell and locate the Windows PowerShell entry. Right-click the entry and choose Run as administrator. Answer Yes, if prompted, to confirm.

    Note: For Linux and macOS you can launch PowerShell Core with elevated privileges using the following command.

     sudo pwsh
  2. At the PowerShell prompt, install the Azure PowerShell module. If prompted, answer Yes to All to trust the repository. It may take a couple of minutes to complete the install.

     Install-Module Az -AllowClobber

    Note: If prompted, Windows users should agree to install the NuGet provider, and agree to install modules from the PowerShell Gallery (PSGallery). If you receive script execution failures, run Set-ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned in an elevated PowerShell session.

  3. Get the latest Az module updates.

     Update-Module -Name Az

    Note: If prompted, answer Yes to All to trust updates to the Az module. If you already have the latest version of the Az module installed (as in this case), the prompt will be returned automatically.

Task 2: Create a resource group and virtual machine

In this task, we will use PowerShell to create a resource group and a virtual machine.

  1. From your local machine, connect to Azure and when prompted provide your Azure login credentials. Review the subscription and account information that is returned.

  2. Create a new resource group.

     New-AzResourceGroup -Name myRGPS -Location EastUS
  3. Verify your new resource group.

     Get-AzResourceGroup | Format-Table
  4. Create a virtual machine. When prompted provide the username (azureuser) and the password (Pa$$w0rd1234) that will be configured as the local Administrator account on that virtual machines. Ensure that you include the tick (`) characters at the end of each line except for the last one (there should not be any tick characters if you type entire command on a single line).

     New-AzVm `
     -ResourceGroupName "myRGPS" `
     -Name "myVMPS" `
     -Location "East US" `
     -VirtualNetworkName "myVnetPS" `
     -SubnetName "mySubnetPS" `
     -SecurityGroupName "myNSGPS" `
     -PublicIpAddressName "myPublicIpPS" `
  5. Sign in to the Azure portal.

  6. Search for Virtual machines and verify the myVMPS is running. This may take a few minutes.

    Screenshot of the virtual machines page with myVMPS in a running state.

  7. Access the new virtual machine and review the Overview and Networking settings to verify your information was correctly deployed.

  8. Close your local PowerShell session.

Task 3: Execute commands in the Cloud Shell

In this task, we will practice executing PowerShell commands from the Cloud Shell.

  1. From the portal, open the Azure Cloud Shell by clicking on the icon in the top right of the Azure Portal.

    Screenshot of Azure Portal Azure Cloud Shell icon.

  2. If you have previously used the Cloud Shell skip ahead to Step 5.

  3. When prompted to select either Bash or PowerShell, select PowerShell.

  4. When prompted, click Create storage, and wait for the Azure Cloud Shell to initialize.

  5. Ensure PowerShell is selected in the upper-left drop-down menu of the Cloud Shell pane.

  6. Retrieve information about your virtual machine including name, resource group, location, and status. Notice the PowerState is running.

     Get-AzVM -name myVMPS -status | Format-Table -autosize
  7. Stop the virtual machine. When prompted confirm (Yes) to the action.

     Stop-AzVM -ResourceGroupName myRGPS -Name myVMPS
  8. Verify your virtual machine state. The PowerState should now be deallocated. You can also verify the virtual machine status in the portal.

     Get-AzVM -name myVMPS -status | Format-Table -autosize

Task 4: Review Azure Advisor Recommendations

Note: This same task is in the Create a VM with Azure CLI lab.

In this task, we will review Azure Advisor recommendations for our virtual machine.

  1. From the All services blade, search for and select Advisor.

  2. On the Advisor blade, select Overview. Notice recommendations are grouped by High Availability, Security, Performance, and Cost.

    Screenshot of the Advisor Overview page.

  3. Select All recommendations and take time to view each recommendation and suggested actions.

    Note: Depending on your resources, your recommendations will be different.

    Screenshot of the Advisor All recommendations page.

  4. Notice that you can download the recommendations as a CSV or PDF file.

  5. Notice that you can create alerts.

  6. If you have time, continue to experiment with Azure PowerShell.

Congratulations! You have installed PowerShell on your local machine, created a virtual machine using PowerShell, practiced with PowerShell commands, and viewed Advisor recommendations.

Note: To avoid additional costs, you can remove this resource group. Search for resource groups, click your resource group, and then click Delete resource group. Verify the name of the resource group and then click Delete. Monitor the Notifications to see how the delete is proceeding.