M06-Unit 7 Deploy and configure Azure Firewall using the Azure portal

Being part of the Network Security team at Contoso, your next task is to create firewall rules to allow/deny access to certain websites. The following steps walk you through creating a resource group, a virtual network and subnets, and a virtual machine as environment preparation tasks, and then deploying a firewall and firewall policy, configuring default routes and application, network and DNAT rules, and finally testing the firewall.

In this exercise, you will:

  • Task 1: Create a resource group
  • Task 2: Create a virtual network and subnets
  • Task 3: Create a virtual machine
  • Task 4: Deploy the firewall and firewall policy
  • Task 5: Create a default route
  • Task 6: Configure an application rule
  • Task 7: Configure a network rule
  • Task 8: Configure a Destination NAT (DNAT) rule
  • Task 9: Change the primary and secondary DNS address for the server’s network interface
  • Task 10: Test the firewall
  • Task 11: Clean up resources

Task 1: Create a resource group

In this task, you will create a new resource group.

  1. Log in to your Azure account.

  2. On the Azure portal home page, select Resource groups.

  3. Click Create.

  4. On the Basics tab, in Resource group, enter Test-FW-RG.

  5. In Region, select your region from the list.

    Create a resource group for Azure firewall

  6. Click Review + create.

  7. Click Create.

Task 2: Create a virtual network and subnets

In this task, you will create a single virtual network with two subnets.

  1. On the Azure portal home page, in the search box, type virtual network and select Virtual Network when it appears.

  2. Click Create.

  3. Select the Test-FW-RG resource group you created previously.

  4. In the Name box, enter Test-FW-VN.

    Create a virtual network - Basics tab

  5. Click Next: IP Addresses. Enter IPv4 address space 10.0.0.0/16 if not already there by default.

  6. Under Subnet name, click the word default.

  7. In the Edit subnet dialog box, change the name to AzureFirewallSubnet.

  8. Change the Subnet address range to 10.0.1.0/26.

  9. Click Save.

  10. Click Add subnet, to create another subnet, which will host the workload server that you will create shortly.

    Add subnet

  11. In the Edit subnet dialog box, change the name to Workload-SN.

  12. Change the Subnet address range to 10.0.2.0/24.

  13. Click Add.

  14. Click Review + create.

  15. Click Create.

Task 3: Create a virtual machine

In this task, you will create the workload virtual machine and place it in the Workload-SN subnet created previously.

  1. In the Azure portal, open the PowerShell session within the Cloud Shell pane.

  2. In the toolbar of the Cloud Shell pane, select the Upload/Download files icon, in the drop-down menu, select Upload and upload the following files firewall.json and firewall.parameters.json into the Cloud Shell home directory one by one from the source folder F:\Allfiles\Exercises\M06.

  3. Deploy the following ARM templates to create the VM needed for this exercise:

    $RGName = "Test-FW-RG"
       
    New-AzResourceGroupDeployment -ResourceGroupName $RGName -TemplateFile firewall.json -TemplateParameterFile firewall.parameters.json
    
  4. When the deployment is complete, go to the Azure portal home page, and then select Virtual Machines.

  5. Verify that the virtual machine has been created.

  6. When deployment of the VM completes, select Go to resource.

  7. On the Overview page of Srv-Work, on the right of the page under Networking, take a note of the Private IP address for this VM (e.g., 10.0.2.4).

Task 4: Deploy the firewall and firewall policy

In this task, you will deploy the firewall into the virtual network with a firewall policy configured.

  1. On the Azure portal home page, select Create a resource, then in the search box, type firewall and select Firewall when it appears.

  2. On the Firewall page, click Create.

  3. On the Basics tab, create a firewall using the information in the table below.

    Setting Value
    Subscription Select your subscription
    Resource group Test-FW-RG
    Firewall name Test-FW01
    Region Your region
    Firewall tier Standard
    Firewall management Use a Firewall Policy to manage this firewall
    Firewall policy Select Add new
    Name: fw-test-pol
    Region: your region

    Create a new firewall policy

    Choose a virtual network Use existing
    Virtual network Test-FW-VN
    Public IP address Select Add new
    Name: fw-pip

    Add public IP address to firewall

  4. Review all the settings to ensure they match the screenshot below.

    Create a firewall - review settings

  5. Click Review + create.

  6. Click Create and wait for the firewall deployment to complete.

  7. When deployment of the firewall is completed, click Go to resource.

  8. On the Overview page of Test-FW01, on the right of the page, take a note of the Firewall private IP for this firewall (e.g., 10.0.1.4).

  9. In the menu on the left, under Settings, click Public IP configuration.

  10. Take a note of the address under IP Address for the fw-pip public IP configuration (e.g., 20.90.136.51).

Task 5: Create a default route

In this task, on the Workload-SN subnet, you will configure the outbound default route to go through the firewall.

  1. On the Azure portal home page, select Create a resource, then in the search box, type route and select Route table when it appears.

  2. On the Route table page, click Create.

  3. On the Basics tab, create a new route table using the information in the table below.

    Setting Value
    Subscription Select your subscription
    Resource group Test-FW-RG
    Region Your region
    Name Firewall-route
    Propagate gateway routes Yes
  4. Click Review + create.

  5. Click Create.

    Create a route table

  6. After deployment completes, select Go to resource.

  7. On the Firewall-route page, under Settings, click Subnets and then click Associate.

  8. In Virtual network, select Test-FW-VN.

  9. In Subnet, select Workload-SN. Make sure that you select only the Workload-SN subnet for this route, otherwise your firewall won’t work correctly.

  10. Click OK.

  11. Under Settings, select Routes and then click Add.

  12. In Route name, enter fw-dg.

  13. In Address prefix, enter 0.0.0.0/0.

  14. In Next hop type, select Virtual appliance.

  15. In Next hop address, type the private IP address for the firewall that you noted previously (e.g., 10.0.1.4)

  16. Click Add.

    Add firewall route

Task 6: Configure an application rule

In this task, you will add an application rule that allows outbound access to www.google.com.

  1. On the Azure portal home page, select All resources.

  2. In the list of resources, click your firewall policy, fw-test-pol.

  3. Under Settings, click Application Rules.

  4. Click Add a rule collection.

  5. On the Add a rule collection page, create a new application rule using the information in the table below.

    Setting Value
    Name App-Coll01
    Rule collection type Application
    Priority 200
    Rule collection action Allow
    Rule collection group DefaultApplicationRuleCollectionGroup
    Rules Section  
    Name Allow-Google
    Source type IP Address
    Source 10.0.2.0/24
    Protocol http,https
    Destination type FQDN
    Destination www.google.com

    Add an application rule collection

  6. Click Add.

Task 7: Configure a network rule

In this task, you will add a network rule that allows outbound access to two IP addresses at port 53 (DNS).

  1. On the fw-test-pol page, under Settings, click Network Rules.

  2. Click Add a rule collection.

  3. On the Add a rule collection page, create a new network rule using the information in the table below.

    Setting Value
    Name Net-Coll01
    Rule collection type Network
    Priority 200
    Rule collection action Allow
    Rule collection group DefaultNetworkRuleCollectionGroup
    Rules Section  
    Name Allow-DNS
    Source type IP Address
    Source 10.0.2.0/24
    Protocol UDP
    Destination Ports 53
    Destination Type IP Address
    Destination 209.244.0.3, 209.244.0.4
    These are public DNS servers operated by Century Link

    Add a network rule collection

  4. Click Add.

Task 8: Configure a Destination NAT (DNAT) rule

In this task, you will add a DNAT rule that allows you to connect a remote desktop to the Srv-Work virtual machine through the firewall.

  1. On the fw-test-pol page, under Settings, click DNAT Rules.

  2. Click Add a rule collection.

  3. On the Add a rule collection page, create a new DNAT rule using the information in the table below.

    Setting Value
    Name rdp
    Rule collection type DNAT
    Priority 200
    Rule collection group DefaultDnatRuleCollectionGroup
    Rules Section  
    Name rdp-nat
    Source type IP Address
    Source *
    Protocol TCP
    Destination Ports 3389
    Destination Type IP Address
    Destination Enter the firewall public IP address from fw-pip that you noted earlier.
    e.g. - 20.90.136.51
    Translated address Enter the private IP address from Srv-Work that you noted earlier.
    e.g. - 10.0.2.4
    Translated port 3389

Add a DNAT rule collection

  1. Click Add.

Task 9: Change the primary and secondary DNS address for the server’s network interface

For testing purposes in this exercise, in this task, you will configure the Srv-Work server’s primary and secondary DNS addresses. However, this is not a general Azure Firewall requirement.

  1. On the Azure portal home page, select Resource groups.

  2. In the list of resource groups, click your resource group, Test-FW-RG.

  3. In the list of resources in this resource group, select the network interface for the Srv-Work virtual machine (e.g., srv-work350).

    Select NIC in resource group

  4. Under Settings, select DNS servers.

  5. Under DNS servers, select Custom.

  6. Type 209.244.0.3 in the Add DNS server text box, and 209.244.0.4 in the next text box.

  7. Select Save.

    Change DNS servers on NIC

  8. Restart the Srv-Work virtual machine.

Task 10: Test the firewall

In this final task, you will test the firewall to verify that the rules are configured correctly and working as expected. This configuration will enable you to connect a remote desktop connection to the Srv-Work virtual machine through the firewall, via the firewall’s public IP address.

  1. Open Remote Desktop Connection on your PC.

  2. In the Computer box, enter the firewall’s public IP address (e.g., 20.90.136.51) followed by :3389 (e.g., 20.90.136.51:3389).

  3. In the Username box, enter TestUser.

  4. Click Connect.

    RDP connection to firewall's public IP address

  5. In the Enter your credentials dialog box, log into the Srv-Work server virtual machine, by using the password, TestPa$$w0rd!.

  6. Click OK.

  7. Click Yes on the certificate message.

  8. Open Internet Explorer and browse to https://www.google.com.

  9. In the Security Alert dialog box, click OK.

  10. Click Close on the Internet Explorer security alerts that may pop-up.

  11. You should see the Google home page.

    RDP session on Srv-work server - browser on google.com

  12. Browse to https://www.microsoft.com.

  13. You should be blocked by the firewall.

    RDP session on Srv-work server - browser blocked on microsoft.com

Task 11: Clean up resources

Note: Remember to remove any newly created Azure resources that you no longer use. Removing unused resources ensures you will not see unexpected charges.

  1. In the Azure portal, open the PowerShell session within the Cloud Shell pane.

  2. Delete all resource groups you created throughout the labs of this module by running the following command:

    Remove-AzResourceGroup -Name 'Test-FW-RG' -Force -AsJob
    

    Note: The command executes asynchronously (as determined by the -AsJob parameter), so while you will be able to run another PowerShell command immediately afterwards within the same PowerShell session, it will take a few minutes before the resource groups are actually removed.